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Acropolis of Samiko

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Description

Built in a naturally protected location on the western foothills of Mount Lapitha, the ancient fortification of Samikos is surprising due to the meticulous construction of its strong walls and their good preservation at a height of 5 – 12 buildings in its largest part. The excellently chosen position allows excellent supervision of a large part of the western coastline of the Peloponnese and the Ionian Sea and controls the very important passage of ancient Triphylia that ensured communication between Ilia and Messinia.

The walls are built according to the pseudo-polygonal system, with square towers, gates and posterns. The walls of the fortification probably date back to the 4th century. e.g. or the Hellenistic era. Within the fortifications, foundations of buildings and retaining walls are preserved which were necessary for the creation and utilization of flat surfaces as the ground is strongly inclined. Excavations in the past have brought to light a public stoic building, tanks and room complexes.

The fortified acropolis of Samikos of classical times which probably belonged to a city named Makistos, Samia or Samikon or Samos should not be confused with the prehistoric acropolis of the rocky outcrop at Kleidi possition, possibly identified with the Homeric Areni and later Makisto . This is the lowest elevation straight visible on the west of the current Pyrgos - Kyparissias road.

At Kleidi location, pottery sherds from the Middle Helladic-Late Helladic period, remains of a Mycenaean building that are not preserved today, have been found. A mound with multiple burials has also been excavated, yielding important findings from the late Middle Helladic to the late Mycenaean period, as well as an extensive cemetery of the late Middle Helladic period with box-shaped tombs and a vault covered by mounds.

Access

Kato Samiko can be reached by bus or private car. Access to the archaeological site via the country road.

Enclosed space. Entrance by prior arrangement with the security personnel.

Health protection measures

For everyone’s safety, the Museum operates with a controlled number of visitors, observing all health protection measures. In accordance with Government Gazette 430/B’/5-2-2022, admission to the Museum is permitted to visitors who have been vaccinated or have recovered from a previous infection during the last three months, in accordance with paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 9 of the above Joint Ministerial Decision. To enter the Museum, you are required to present, alongside your police identity card or driver’s license or passport or other identification, in order to verify your identity, one of the following documents: vaccination certificate, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 9, certificate of recovery valid for up to 3 months from the date of diagnosis, in accordance with paragraph 3 of Article 9, Minors between 4 and 17 years of age may alternatively present a 24-hour self-diagnostic test declaration (self-test). When visiting the Museum, please note the following: The use of a protective mask is mandatory for all visitors. Visitors must keep the required distance of 2 meters from each other. Visitors must take care of their hand hygiene. Liquid hand antiseptic is available on the museum premises. Visitors are advised to use a credit card when making transactions. Ephorate of Antiquities Website.

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Information
  • Kato Samiko, Elis, Postal Code 27055
  • 26240 22742 - 2624023753 (Ephorate of Antiquities of Elis)
  • Police Department of Elis - P.D. of Krestena, Ephorate of Antiquities of Elis
Opening hours

Winter hours:
From 01.12.2021 and onwards: 08:30 - 15:30

Summer hours:

(May - October): 08:00 a.m.- 08:00 p.m.

Last admission (all days): 15 minutes before closing time.

 

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